Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)

Please hover over the countries to find out some information about the FTAs

 




The Brunei - Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (BJEPA)

The Brunei-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (BJEPA) is Brunei Darussalam’s first bilateral free trade agreement. The BJEPA was signed by His Majesty the Sultan of Brunei Darussalam and then Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe, on 18 June 2007 in Tokyo.There are 11 chapters in the agreement covering Trade in Goods; Rules of Origin; Trade in Services; Investment, Energy, Cooperation; Improvement of Business Environment, Custom Procedures; General Provisions; Final Provisions; and Dispute Settlement. With the signing of the BJEPA, Brunei and Japan’s relations have moved on to a higher level, particularly in the economic sphere. The BJEPA is aimed at increasing new market opportunities for Brunei in Goods and Services and attracting more investment into Brunei. Amongst the other benefits of the Agreement are:

  • Enhancing the investment climate and encouraging foreign direct investments (FDI) through greater predictability and transparency;
  • Improved market access for Brunei Darussalam goods and suppliers of services;
  • The reduction of import duties on the products of both countries will result in an increase in imports of products of high quality as well as cheaper imports of Japanese manufactured products for   Brunei Darussalam consumers and vice versa;
  • Japan’s expertise and assistance in enhancing Brunei Darussalam’s capacity and capabilities in areas such as human resource development, the environment, education and industry;
  • Improved people to people contacts.

The BJEPA was notified to the WTO on 31 July 2008, and was considered by the CRTA (Committee on Regional Trade Agreements) on 15-16 September 2009. An exchange of diplomatic notes was held on 1 July 2008 and the BJEPA entered into force on 31 July 2008. Please click the links below to download documents related to the Brunei – Japan Economic Partnership Agreement.


   -  Preamble
   -  Chapter 1: General Provisions
   -  Chapter 2: Trade in Goods
   -  Chapter 3: Rules of Origin
   -  Chapter 4: Customs Procedures
   -  Chapter 5: Investment
   -  Chapter 6: Trade in Services
   -  Chapter 7: Energy
   -  Chapter 8: Improvement of Business Environment
   -  Chapter 9: Cooperation
   -  Chapter 10: Dispute Settlement
   -  Chapter 11: Final Provisions

   -  Annexes:

  • Annex 1: Schedules in relation to Article 16
  • Annex 2: Product Specific Rules
  • An​nex 3: Minimum Data Requirement for Certificate of Origin
  • Annex 4: Reservations for Existing Measures
  • Annex 5: Reservations for Future Measures
  • Annex 6: Financial Services
  • Annex 7: Schedules of Specific Commitments in relation to Article 78
  • Annex 8:Lists of Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment Exemptio​ns in relation to Article 79

Implementing Agreement between the Government of Brunei Darussalam and the Government of Japan for an Economic Partnership

   -  Preamble
   -  Chapter 1: General Provisions
   -  Chapter 2: Customs Procedures
   -  Chapter 3: Energy
   -  Chapter 4: Cooperation
   -  Chapter 5: Final Provisions
   -  Information on Non-Conforming Measures with respect to Sectorsor Matters specified in Annexes 4 and 5
   -  List of Brunei Darussalam 
   -  List of Japan 
   -  Lists of measures inconsistent with Articles 75 and/or 76, pursuant to Article 82
   -  List of Brunei Darussalam 
   -  List of Japan 




The Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between ASEAN and China (ASEAN-China FTA)

The Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between ASEAN and China that was signed on 5th November 2002 marks ASEAN's first FTA with a dialogue partner. The framework comprises three agreements to date; Trade In Goods, Trade In Services and Investment which were concluded in November 2004, January 2007 and August 2009 respectively.
 
At the 16th ASEAN-China Summit on 9 October 2013 in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, the Leaders agreed to pursue the upgrading of the ASEAN-China FTA by, among others, improving market conditions and trade balance between both sides as well as expanding the scope and coverage of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China.
 
Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Phnom Penh, 4 November 2002.
  • Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation Between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China
  • Second Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation Between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China
  • Third Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Bali, Indonesia, 19 November 2012 
  • Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation and Certain Agreements thereunder between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the People’s Republic of China, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 21 November 2015

Agreement on Trade in Goods of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-Operation between the Association of South-East Asian nations and The People's Republic of China

Annexes
Annex 1 - Modality for tariff reduction and elimination for tariff lines placed in the normal track

  • Annex 2 - Modality for tariff reduction or elimination for tariff lines placed in the sensitive track
  • Annex 3 - Rules of Origin
Protocol to Amend the Agreement on Trade in Goods of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Cebu, Philippines, 2006 

Second Protocol to Amend the Agreement on Trade in Goods of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 29 October 2010

  • Appendix 1 
  • Appendix 2 
  • Appendix 2a 

Protocol to Incorporate Technical​ Barriers to Trade and Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures into the Agreement on Trade in Goods of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Bali, Indonesia, 19 November 2012 
 
Agreement on Dispute Settlement Mechanism of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Vientiane, Lao PDR, 29 November 2004 

Annex 1 - Rules and Procedures for the Arbitral Proceedings
 
Agreement on Trade in Services of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic Of China, Cebu, Philippines, 14 January 2007

o   First Package of ASEAN-China Services Commitments 
 
Protocol to Implement the Second Package of Specific Commitments under the Agreement on Trade in Services of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Bali, Indonesia, 16 November 2011

o   Second Package of ASEAN-China Services Commitments
 
Agreement on Investment of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China, Bangkok, 15 August 2009 






ASEAN and the Republic of Korea consolidated their partnership by signing the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation at the 9th ASEAN-Republic of Korea Summit on 13 December 2005, which, among others, provides for the establishment of the ASEAN-Republic of Korea Free Trade Area (AK-FTA).

Under this Framework, three major agreements on Trade in Goods, Trade in Services and Investment were subsequently signed on 24 August 2006, 20 November 2007 and 2 June 2009 respectively.
 
ASEAN-Korea Trade in Goods Agreement (2006)​
  • The Agreement provides for progressive reduction and elimination of tariffs by each country on almost all products. Under the Trade in Goods agreement, ASEAN-6 including Brunei Darussalam and Korea has eliminated more than 90% of tariffs by 1 January 2010.
  • In efforts to further strengthen the bilateral trade relations, ASEAN and Korea agreed to look into further liberalisation of the sensitive products in the Sensitive Track of the ASEAN-Korea Trade in Goods agreement pursuant to the decision of the Ministers at the 12th AEM-ROK Consultations in 2015.
Legal Agreement
  • Agreement on Trade in Goods Under the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and the relevant annexes 

ASEAN-Korea Trade in Services Agreement (2007)
  • The signed Agreement reaffirms ASEAN member states and Korea's commitments to liberalise trade in services with substantial coverage, and enhance cooperation in services in order to enhance competitiveness and efficiency in the respective services regimes. The market access commitments of ASEAN member states and Korea appear in the Schedule of Commitments of each respective party.
Legal Agreement

  • Agreement on Trade in Services Under the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Among the Governments 

Schedules of Specific Commitments of ASEAN Member States and Korea 
 
ASEAN-Korea Investment Agreement (2009)
  • The Investment Agreement aims for progressively liberalised and transparent investment regime, which will also ensure protection of ASEAN investors' investments in Korea, vice versa. ASEAN member states and Korea are currently negotiating the reservation lists to the Agreement which will contain the list of restrictions which are applicable to the selected sectors covered by the Agreement.​​​​

Legal Agreement

  • Agreement on Investment under the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Among ASEAN Member Countries and the Republic of Korea.
  • Schedules of Specific Commitments of ASEAN Member States and Korea​



The ASEAN - Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership ​Agreement (AJCEP)

The Framework for Comprehensive Economic Partnership between ASEAN and Japan was signed by leaders at the ASEAN-Japan Summit on 8 October 2003 in Bali, Indonesia, and was aimed at establishing a Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement between ASEAN and Japan.



The Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Partnership among Japan and Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (AJCEP) was concluded in November 2007 in Manila, and signing was completed ad-referendum by 14 April 2008.



The AJCEP is comprehensive in scope, with chapters on Trade in Goods; Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures; Standards, Technical Regulations and Conformity Assessment Procedures; Investment; Services; and Economic Cooperation. The agreement aims at liberalising and facilitating trade in goods between ASEAN and Japan and promoting cooperation in fields such as Information and Communications Technology, Intellectual Property, and SMEs. The parties will also continue to discuss and negotiate improvements to the chapters on Trade in Services and Investment.



Brunei submitted its notification on the completion of domestic procedures for the AJCEP on 29 November 2008, and the agreement entered into force, for Brunei, on 1 January 2009.



The AJCEP entered into force for the other parties on:

  • 1 December 2008 for Japan, Singapore, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Myanmar
  • 1 February 2009 for Malaysia
  • 1 June 2009 for Thailand
  • 1 January 2010 for Cambodia

      Chapter 1

  • Annex 1 Schedules for the Elimination or Reduction of Customs Duties
  • Notes for Schedule of Brunei Darussalam
  • Notes for Schedule of the Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Notes for Schedule of the Republic of Indonesia
  • Notes for Schedule of Japan
  • Notes for Schedule of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Notes for Schedule of Malaysia 
  • Notes for Schedule of the Union of Myanmar
  • Notes for Schedule of the Republic of the Philippines
  • Notes for Schedule of the Kingdom of Thailand
  • Notes for Schedule of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

      Chapter 2: Trade in Goods

      Chapter 3: Rules of Origin

  • Annex 2 - Product Specific Rules
  • Annex 3 - Information Technology Products
  • Annex 4 - Operational Certification Procedures (OCP)

     Chapter 4: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

     Chapter 5: Standards, Technical Regulations and Conformity Assessment Procedures

     Chapter 6: Trade in Services

     Chapter 7: Investment

     Chapter 8: Economic Cooperation

  • Annex 5 - Work Programmes for Economic Cooperation

   Chapter 9: Settlement of Disputes

   Chapter 10: Final Provisions

Please click the links below to download the documents related to the ASEAN – Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement.

Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Partnership among Japan and Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

  • Annex 1: Schedules for the Elimination or Reduction of Customs Duties
  • Annex 2: Product Specific Rules
  • Annex 3: Information Technology Products
  • Annex 4: Operational Certification Procedures
  • Annex 5: Work Programme for Economic Cooperation

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